1939 POR - Samaritan Badge
1) Know the positions of the principal bones, and how to prevent further injury in the case of fractures or dislocations; make and pad a splint; improvise a splint; treat sprains and strains,
2) Apply a triangular bandage to the head, elbow, hand, knee, ankle, and foot, and demonstrate three types of arm slings.
3) Know the difference between arterial and venous bleeding, and show the positions of the main arteries; know how to check bleeding and how to treat nose bleeding.
4) Know ways of supporting a patient alone, and carrying with the help of others.
5) Render first aid in the following cases: burns and scalds, both severe and slight; blisters; choking; bites; stings; grit in the eye; and wounds, both clean and dirty.
6) Know the chief signs and treatment of the following: fainting, hysteria, shock, fits, suspected concussion,
7) Demonstrate Schafer's method of artificial respiration, and know when it should be applied.
1) Understand the value of warmth and fresh air in sickness; demonstrate the ventilation of a given sick room.
2) Understand the care of patient; make a bed with a patient in it; improvise and show how to use a draw sheet, hot bottles, foot cradle, knee pillow (donkey) and back rest; know how to give a bed pan and how to prevent bed sores. Understand the care of the mouth and hair.
3) Take and record a temperature, pulse and respiration; know normal temperature and serious variations.
4) Know the general precautions necessary when nursing infectious cases, including the common cold.
5) Make and apply hot fomentations, cold compresses, and understand the reasons for care in giving medicines, aperients, stimulants and sedatives.
6) Apply a roller bandage for a finger, thumb, ankle, knee, eye, ear and head.
7) Make barley water, a nourishing broth and a milk food, and three dishes suitable for invalids on light diet.
8) Know the chief signs and symptoms that would make it necessary to send for a doctor.