Leslie's historic UK Guide Badge Syllabuses

Subtitle

 

1943 POR - Home Service Certificate


When a Ranger has gained the H.E.S. Armlet, or has worked at the basic training for at least a year, she may specialize and work for a Ranger Certificate.  A Certificate is given for each section when a test in any one subject has been passed.  The examinations of recognised outside societies should, where possible, be taken to qualify for Ranger Certificates.

The certificate of a recognized Training College or the Advanced Housecraft Examination of the National Council for Domestic Studies, qualify for the following certificates: Cook and Caterer, Dressmaker, Finisher, Housecraft.

Cook And Caterer

1) Cook any of the following dishes (one or more to be chosen by the tester from any three groups):

Boiling - soup, fresh vegetables, puddings, fish, porridge, custard.

Steaming - vegetables, fish, suet and cake mixtures.

Stewing - meat, and fruit.

Frying and grilling - fish, meat, sausages, bacon, eggs, pancakes, fish-cakes and rissoles.

Miscellaneous - Poached or scrambled eggs, salads.

2) Make tea, coffee and cocoa, and understand the use of a hay-box.

3) Show a knowledge of washing up utensils, boards, etc., used in the test.

4) Be able to answer questions on dishes just prepared.

5) Collect twenty war-time or economical recipes; draw up menus for a week from these, with approximate cost, showing knowledge of food values and well-balanced meals, and how to make the best use of "left-over" foods.

Dressmaker

1) Know how to use, clean and oil a sewing machine.

2) Show examples of the correct methods of patching plain and patterned materials, mending blankets and darning stockings.

3) From used garments, unpick, wash, press and make a frock and knickers for a girl, or a tunic and shorts for a boy under five.  (Frock or tunic to have inset sleeves.)

4) Make a Ranger shirt or equivalent garment.

5) Carry out some sort of household mending for one month.

6) Home dye a garment successfully.

7) Show how to cut out from a paper pattern.

Electrician

1) Know the dangers of electric shock and the methods of rescue and resuscitation.

2) Have an elementary knowledge of the three effects of an electric current (magnetic, chemical and heating).

3) Understand the meaning of the following terms: ampere, volt, ohm, watt, and B. of T. unit.  Be able to apply Ohm's Law and calculate the cost of running electric lamps and heaters, and to read a meter.

4) Understand the working of electric irons, stoves or bells, and the care of Leclanche cells.

5) Do one of the following:

a) Rewire a damaged flex to standard or hanging lamp.

b) Wire an emergency bell.

c) Recharge a spent Leclanche cell.

6) Test a torch bulb for broken filament with an electric battery.

Finisher

1) Wash and finish the following:

a) A fine muslin article.

b) A lace article (nothing smaller than an 8-inch wide collar).

c) Table linen (nothing smaller than a tablecloth 1 yard square.

d) A woolen garment

e) A silk or artificial silk blouse or jumper.

2) Starch and iron a cotton blouse or other garment.

3) Show knowledge of correct folding of finished articles.

4) Describe the routine of washing day, and remove stains.

Some part of this must be demonstrated at the test.

Handywoman

1) Work a sewing machine and understand putting in a needle, cleaning, oiling, etc.

2) Replace gas mantles or electric bulbs, or clean and trim an oil lamp.

3) Know where to turn off, at the main, the gas, water and electricity, if these are laid on in her own home.

4) Thoroughly clean and repaint one of the following: Hot water can, table, door, window or equivalent.  Two coats at least to be applied.

5) Do one of the following: Distemper a room with assistance; paper a room with assistance; clean, stain or polish a floor; whitewash a ceiling.

6) a) Clean paint brushes.

b) Remove paint from material.

c) Sharpen a knife on a bone, grindstone or whetstone

d) Mend a handle or pole by glueing and whipping.

e) Splice a rope.

f) Repair china.

g) Repair a wooden article with glue.

h) Mend a puncture or repair some rubber article with patch and rubber solution.

i) Mend a saucepan or equivalent.

j) Renew a washer, and know what to do in the case of burst pipes.

7) Do one of the following:

a) Renew a roller blind or fix a curtain rod.

b) Lay linoleum.

c) Re-make a mattress.

d) Put a new spring on a door handle.

e) Upholster a small chair or stool.

8) a) Do up a parcel.

b) Make a useful article for the house.

Housecraft

1) Draw up a statement of detailed expenditure for a week, with an exact account of meals provided (particulars of wages and family to be given by the tester).

2) Give satisfactory evidence of the knowledge of practical house-keeping, including the purchase and storage of food, methods of keeping a house clean and well-ventilated, the care of linen and blankets and the disposal of refuse.

3) Bring to the test a sample of preserved fruit, pickles or jam made by herself.

4) Remove stains from carpets, table linen, brass, etc.

5) Know how to use a fire extinguisher.

6) Lay a table and wait on four people at dinner.

7) Answer the door and announce guests.

8) Arrange flowers.

9) Look up train or bus routes and connections in a railway or bus time-table.

1947 POR - Home Service Certificate


The certificate of a recognised Training College or the Advanced Housecraft Examination of the National Council for Domestic Studies, qualify for the following certificates: Cook and Caterer, Dressmaker, Finisher, Housecraft.


Cook

1) Possess a good cookery book, and make for herself a collection of recipes which she has used.

2) Be able to cook and serve all of the following dishes (one or more to be chosen by the tester from any three groups).  When possible the candidate should not know before the test what she is to cook, but it should be permissible for her to use a cookery book at the time.

Boiling - soup, meat, fresh vegetables, puddings, fish, porridge.

Steaming - vegetables, fish, suet and cake mixtures.

Stewing - meat and fruit.

Frying and grilling - fish, meat, sausages, bacon, eggs, pancakes, fishcakes, rissoles.

Baking - pastry, scones and plain cake mixture.

Miscellaneous - salads.

3) Answer questions on dishes just prepared, and know why different ways of cooking are used for the various foods.

4) Wash up utensils, boards, etc., and know the proper uses of various cleaning agents used.

5) Understand the principle of the hay box and be able to use one.  Know the best method of storing foods, especially perishable foodstuffs, in hot weather.

6) a) Have experience in home cookery.

b) Using recipes tested by herself draw up menus for three days, for a family of four (mother, father and two children).

c) Make out a shopping list with prices for any two of these days, stating which foods would already be in the larder.  These menus should be well-balanced, showing a good knowledge of food values.

7) Understand how to make the best use of the stock pot and of "left-over" foods.

DRESSMAKER

1) Know how to sue, clean and oil a sewing machine.

2) Show examples of the correct methods of patching plain and patterned materials, mending blankets and darning stockings.

3) From used garments, unpick, wash, press and make a frock and knickers for a girl, or a tunic and shorts for a boy under five, or a garment for herself.

4) Make a Ranger shirt or equivalent garment.  (One garment made for either clause 3 or 4 of this test must have inset sleeves.

5) Carry out some sort of household mending for one month.

6) Show how to cut out from a paper pattern.

ELECTRICIAN

1) Know the dangers of electric shock and the methods of rescue and resuscitation.

2) Have an elementary knowledge of the three effects of an electric current (magnetic, chemical and heating).

3) Understand the meaning of the following terms: ampere, volt, ohm, watt, and B. of T unit.  Be able to apply Ohm's Law and calculate the cost of running electric lamps and heaters, and to read a meter.

4) Understand the working of electric irons, stoves, bells and be able to recharge a leclanche cell.

5) Do one of the following:

a) Rewire a damaged flex to standard or hanging lamp.

b) Wire an emergency bell.

c) Understand the use of fuse wire in a circuit and be able to mend a fuse.

6) Test a torch bulb for broken filament with an electric battery.

FINISHER

1) Wash and finish the following:

a) A fine muslin article

b) A lace article (nothing smaller than an 8-inch wide collar).

c) Table linen (nothing smaller than a tablecloth 1 yard square).

d) A woolen garment.

e) A silk or artificial silk blouse or jumper.

2) Starch and iron a cotton blouse or other garment.

3) Show knowledge of correct folding of finished articles.

4) Describe the routine of washing day, and remove stains.

Some part of this test must be demonstrated at the test.

HANDYWOMAN

1) Work a sewing machine and understand putting in a needle, cleaning, oiling, etc.

2) Replace gas mantles; or electric bulbs and mend a fuse; or clean and trim an oil lamp.

3) Know where to turn off, at the main, the gas, water and electricity, if these are laid on in her own home.

4) Thoroughly clean and repaint one of the following: Hot-water can, table, door, window or equivalent.  Two coats at least to be applied.

5) Do one of the following: Distemper a room with assistance; paper a room with assistance; clean, stain or polish a floor; whitewash a ceiling.

6) a) Clean paint brushes.

b) Remove paint from material.

c) Sharpen a knife on a hone, grindstone or whetstone.

d) Mend a handle or pole by glueing and whipping.

e) Splice a rope.

f) Repair china.

g) Repair a wooden article with glue.

h) Mend a puncture or repair some rubber article with patch and rubber solution.

I) Mend a saucepan or equivalent.

j) Renew a washer, and know what to do in the case of burst pipes.

7) Do one of the following:

a) Renew a roller blind or fix a curtain rod.

b) Lay linoleum.

c) Re-make a mattress.

d) Put up a new spring on a door handle.

e) Upholster a small chair or stool.

8) a) Do up a parcel; or rope up a case; or do up a large bundle.

b) Make a useful article for the house

c) Know how to use hammer, screwdriver and gimlet.

HOUSECRAFT

1) Draw up a statement of detailed expenditure for a week, with an exact account of meals provided (particulars of wages and family to be given by the tester).

2) Give satisfactory evidence of the knowledge of practical house-keeping, including the purchase and storage of food, methods of keeping a house clean and well ventilated, the care of linen and blankets and the disposal of refuse.

3) Bring to the test a sample of preserved fruit, pickles or jam made by herself.

4) Remove stains from carpets, table linen, brass, etc.

5) Know how to use a fire extinguisher.  Be able to mend a fuse.

6) Know how to act as hostess.  This to include sending out invitations, laying the table for a meal, receiving and entertaining guests.

7) Arrange flowers.

8) Look up train or bus routes and connections in a railway or bus time-table.

1950 POR - Home Service Certificate


The certificate of a recognised Training College or the Advanced Housecraft Examination of the National Council for Domestic Studies, qualify for the following certificates: Cook and Caterer, Dressmaker, Finisher, Housecraft.


Cook

1) Possess a good cookery book, and make for herself a collection of recipes which she has used.

2) Be able to cook and serve all of the following dishes (one or more to be chosen by the tester from any three groups).  When possible the candidate should not know before the test what she is to cook, but it should be permissible for her to use a cookery book at the time.

Boiling - soup, meat, fresh vegetables, puddings, fish, porridge.

Steaming - vegetables, fish, suet and cake mixtures.

Stewing - meat and fruit.

Frying and grilling - fish, meat, sausages, bacon, eggs, pancakes, fishcakes, rissoles.

Baking - pastry, scones and plain cake mixture.

Miscellaneous - salads.

3) Answer questions on dishes just prepared, and know why different ways of cooking are used for the various foods.

4) Wash up utensils, boards, etc., and know the proper uses of various cleaning agents used.

5) Understand the principle of the hay box and be able to use one.  Know the best method of storing foods, especially perishable foodstuffs, in hot weather.

6) a) Have experience in home cookery.

b) Using recipes tested by herself draw up menus for three days, for a family of four (mother, father and two children).

c) Make out a shopping list with prices for any two of these days, stating which foods would already be in the larder.  These menus should be well-balanced, showing a good knowledge of food values.

7) Understand how to make the best use of the stock pot and of "left-over" foods.

DRESSMAKER

1) Know how to use, clean and oil a sewing machine.

2) Show examples of the correct methods of patching plain and patterned materials, mending blankets and darning stockings.

3) From used garments, unpick, wash, press and make a frock and knickers for a girl, or a tunic and shorts for a boy under five, or a garment for herself.

4) Make a Ranger shirt or equivalent garment.  (One garment made for either clause 3 or 4 of this test must have inset sleeves.)

5) Carry out some sort of household mending for one month.

6) Show how to cut out from a paper pattern.

ELECTRICIAN

1) Know the dangers of electric shock and the methods of rescue and resuscitation.

2) Have an elementary knowledge of the three effects of an electric current (magnetic, chemical and heating).

3) Understand the meaning of the following terms: ampere, volt, ohm, watt, and B. of T unit.  Be able to apply Ohm's Law and calculate the cost of running electric lamps and heaters, and to read a meter.

4) Understand the working of electric irons, stoves, bells and be able to recharge a leclanche cell.

5) Do one of the following:

a) Rewire a damaged flex to standard or hanging lamp.

b) Wire an emergency bell.

c) Understand the use of fuse wire in a circuit and be able to mend a fuse.

6) Test a torch bulb for broken filament with an electric battery.

FINISHER

1) Wash and finish the following:

a) A fine muslin article

b) A lace article (nothing smaller than an 8-inch wide collar).

c) Table linen (nothing smaller than a tablecloth 1 yard square).

d) A woolen garment.

e) A silk or artificial silk blouse or jumper.

2) Starch and iron a cotton blouse or other garment.

3) Show knowledge of correct folding of finished articles.

4) Describe the routine of washing day, and remove stains.

Some part of this test must be demonstrated at the test.

HANDYWOMAN

1) Work a sewing machine and understand putting in a needle, cleaning, oiling, etc.

2) Replace gas mantles; or electric bulbs and mend a fuse; or clean and trim an oil lamp.

3) Know where to turn off, at the main, the gas, water and electricity, if these are laid on in her own home.

4) Thoroughly clean and repaint one of the following: Hot-water can, table, door, window or equivalent.  Two coats at least to be applied.

5) Do one of the following: Distemper a room with assistance; paper a room with assistance; clean, stain or polish a floor; whitewash a ceiling.

6) a) Clean paint brushes.

b) Remove paint from material.

c) Sharpen a knife on a hone, grindstone or whetstone.

d) Mend a handle or pole by glueing and whipping.

e) Splice a rope.

f) Repair china.

g) Repair a wooden article with glue.

h) Mend a puncture or repair some rubber article with patch and rubber solution.

I) Mend a saucepan or equivalent.

j) Renew a washer, and know what to do in the case of burst pipes.

7) Do one of the following:

a) Renew a roller blind or fix a curtain rod.

b) Lay linoleum.

c) Re-make a mattress.

d) Put up a new spring on a door handle.

e) Upholster a small chair or stool.

8) a) Do up a parcel; or rope up a case; or do up a large bundle.

b) Make a useful article for the house

c) Know how to use hammer, screwdriver and gimlet.

HOUSECRAFT

1) Draw up a statement of detailed expenditure for a week, with an exact account of meals provided (particulars of wages and family to be given by the tester).

2) Give satisfactory evidence of the knowledge of practical house-keeping, including the purchase and storage of food, methods of keeping a house clean and well ventilated, the care of linen and blankets and the disposal of refuse.

3) Bring to the test a sample of preserved fruit, pickles or jam made by herself.

4) Remove stains from carpets, table linen, brass, etc.

5) Know how to use a fire extinguisher.  Be able to mend a fuse.

6) Know how to act as hostess.  This to include sending out invitations, laying the table for a meal, receiving and entertaining guests.

7) Arrange flowers.

8) Look up train or bus routes and connections in a railway or bus time-table.

1950 POR - Home Service Certificate


The certificate of a recognised Training College or the Advanced Housecraft Examination of the National Council for Domestic Studies, qualify for the following certificates: Cook and Caterer, Dressmaker, Finisher, Housecraft.


Cook

1) Possess a good cookery book, and make for herself a collection of recipes which she has used.

2) Be able to cook and serve all of the following dishes (one or more to be chosen by the tester from any three groups).  When possible the candidate should not know before the test what she is to cook, but it should be permissible for her to use a cookery book at the time.

Boiling - soup, meat, fresh vegetables, puddings, fish, porridge.

Steaming - vegetables, fish, suet and cake mixtures.

Stewing - meat and fruit.

Frying and grilling - fish, meat, sausages, bacon, eggs, pancakes, fishcakes, rissoles.

Baking - pastry, scones and plain cake mixture.

Miscellaneous - salads.

3) Answer questions on dishes just prepared, and know why different ways of cooking are used for the various foods.

4) Wash up utensils, boards, etc., and know the proper uses of various cleaning agents used.

5) Understand the principle of the hay box and be able to use one.  Know the best method of storing foods, especially perishable foodstuffs, in hot weather.

6) a) Have experience in home cookery.

b) Using recipes tested by herself draw up menus for three days, for a family of four (mother, father and two children).

c) Make out a shopping list with prices for any two of these days, stating which foods would already be in the larder.  These menus should be well-balanced, showing a good knowledge of food values.

7) Understand how to make the best use of the stock pot and of "left-over" foods.

DRESSMAKER

1) Know how to use, clean and oil a sewing machine.

2) Show examples of the correct methods of patching plain and patterned materials, mending blankets and darning stockings.

3) From used garments, unpick, wash, press and make a frock and knickers for a girl, or a tunic and shorts for a boy under five, or a garment for herself.

4) Make a Ranger shirt or equivalent garment.  (One garment made for either clause 3 or 4 of this test must have inset sleeves.)

5) Carry out some sort of household mending for one month.

6) Show how to cut out from a paper pattern.

ELECTRICIAN

1) Know the dangers of electric shock and the methods of rescue and resuscitation.

2) Have an elementary knowledge of the three effects of an electric current (magnetic, chemical and heating).

3) Understand the meaning of the following terms: ampere, volt, ohm, watt, and B. of T unit.  Be able to apply Ohm's Law and calculate the cost of running electric lamps and heaters, and to read a meter.

4) Understand the working of electric irons, stoves, bells and be able to recharge a leclanche cell.

5) Do one of the following:

a) Rewire a damaged flex to standard or hanging lamp.

b) Wire an emergency bell.

c) Understand the use of fuse wire in a circuit and be able to mend a fuse.

6) Test a torch bulb for broken filament with an electric battery.

FINISHER

1) Wash and finish the following:

a) A fine muslin article

b) A lace article (nothing smaller than an 8-inch wide collar).

c) Table linen (nothing smaller than a tablecloth 1 yard square).

d) A woolen garment.

e) A silk or artificial silk blouse or jumper.

2) Starch and iron a cotton blouse or other garment.

3) Show knowledge of correct folding of finished articles.

4) Describe the routine of washing day, and remove stains.

Some part of this test must be demonstrated at the test.

HANDYWOMAN

1) Work a sewing machine and understand putting in a needle, cleaning, oiling, etc.

2) Replace gas mantles; or electric bulbs and mend a fuse; or clean and trim an oil lamp.

3) Know where to turn off, at the main, the gas, water and electricity, if these are laid on in her own home.

4) Thoroughly clean and repaint one of the following: Hot-water can, table, door, window or equivalent.  Two coats at least to be applied.

5) Do one of the following: Distemper a room with assistance; paper a room with assistance; clean, stain or polish a floor; whitewash a ceiling.

6) a) Clean paint brushes.

b) Remove paint from material.

c) Sharpen a knife on a hone, grindstone or whetstone.

d) Mend a handle or pole by glueing and whipping.

e) Splice a rope.

f) Repair china.

g) Repair a wooden article with glue.

h) Mend a puncture or repair some rubber article with patch and rubber solution.

I) Mend a saucepan or equivalent.

j) Renew a washer, and know what to do in the case of burst pipes.

7) Do one of the following:

a) Renew a roller blind or fix a curtain rod.

b) Lay linoleum.

c) Re-make a mattress.

d) Put up a new spring on a door handle.

e) Upholster a small chair or stool.

8) a) Do up a parcel; or rope up a case; or do up a large bundle.

b) Make a useful article for the house

c) Know how to use hammer, screwdriver and gimlet.

HOUSECRAFT

1) Draw up a statement of detailed expenditure for a week, with an exact account of meals provided (particulars of wages and family to be given by the tester).

2) Give satisfactory evidence of the knowledge of practical house-keeping, including the purchase and storage of food, methods of keeping a house clean and well ventilated, the care of linen and blankets and the disposal of refuse.

3) Bring to the test a sample of preserved fruit, pickles or jam made by herself.

4) Remove stains from carpets, table linen, brass, etc.

5) Know how to use a fire extinguisher.  Be able to mend a fuse.

6) Know how to act as hostess.  This to include sending out invitations, laying the table for a meal, receiving and entertaining guests.

7) Arrange flowers.

8) Look up train or bus routes and connections in a railway or bus time-table.

1957 POR - Home Service


The holder of a certificate of a recognized Training College, or of the Advanced Housecraft Examination of the National Council for Domestic Studies, qualifies for the following certificates: Cook, Dressmaker, Finisher, Housecraft.


COOK

1) Possess a good cookery book; make a collection of recipes which she has used.

2) Be able to cook and serve all the following dishes:

Boiling: soup, meat, fish, fresh vegetables, puddings, porridge.

Steaming: vegetables, fish, suet and cake mixtures.

Stewing: meat and fruit.

Frying and Grilling: fish, meat, sausages, bacon, eggs, pancakes, fishcakes, rissoles.

Baking: pastry, scones, and plain cake mixture.

Miscellaneous: salads.

Note: One or more dishes form any of these groups are to be chosen by the tester for demonstration.  The candidate should not be told beforehand what  she is to cook, but she may use a cookery book.

3) Answer questions on the dishes just prepared, and know why different methods of cooking are used for various foods.

4) Wash up utensils, boards, etc.; know the uses of the various cleaning agents used.

5) Understand the principle of the hay box, and be able to use one.

Know the best method of storing foods, including perishable foodstuffs, in hot weather.

6) a) Have experience in home cookery.

b) Using recipes tested by herself draw up menus for three days for a family of four (father, mother,. and two children).  The menus are to be well balanced and show a good knowledge of food values.

c) Make out a shopping list with prices for two of these days, and state what foods would already be in the house.

7) Understand how to make the best use of the stock pot and of 'left-over; foods.


DRESSMAKER

1) Know how to use, clean, and oil a sewing machine.

2) Show examples of the correct methods of patching plain and patterned materials, mending blankets, and darning stockings.

3) a) Make a Ranger shirt or equivalent garment with inset sleeves.

b) Make another article of clothing.

4) Carry out some kind of household mending for one month.

5) Cut out from a paper pattern.


ELECTRICIAN

1) Know the dangers of electric shock and the methods of rescue and resuscitation.

2) Have an elementary knowledge of the three effects of an electric current (magnetic, chemical, and heating).

3) Understand the meaning of the following terms: ampere, bolt, ohm, watt, and B. of T. unit.  e able to apply Ohm's Law and calculate the cost of running electric lamps and heaters.  Read a meter.

4) Understand the working of electric irons, stoves, and bells.

5) pass one of the following clauses:

a) Rewire damaged flex to a standard or hanging lamp.

b) Wire an emergency bell.

c) Understand the use of fuse wire in a circuit; mend a fuse.

6) Test a torch bulb for broken filament with an electric battery.


FINISHER

1) Wash and finish the following:

a) A fine muslin article.

b) A lace article, e.g. an 8-in. wide collar or equivalent.

c) Table linen, e.g. a tablecloth 1 yd. square or equivalent.

d) A woolen garment.

e) A blouse or jumper made of nylon silk, or artificial silk.

2) Starch and iron a cotton blouse or other garment.

3) Know how to fold finished articles correctly.

4) Describe the routine of washing day.  Remove stains.

Note: The tester may require any of the clauses to be demonstrated.


HANDYWOMAN

1) Work a sewing machine and understand putting in a needle, cleaning, oiling, etc.

2) Know where to turn off at the main, the gas, water, and electricity supplies (if laid on in her own home); know the immediate steps to be taken fir burst pipes, gas leaks, and blown fuses.

3) Replace electric light bulbs; or renew gas mantles; or clean and trim an oil lamp.

4) Clean and repaint with at least two coats one of the following: hot-water can, table, door, window frame, or equivalent.

5) Pass one of the following clauses, if necessary with assistance:

a) Distemper a room.

b) Paper a room.

c) Clean, stain, and polish a floor.

d) Whitewash a ceiling.

6) Pass eight of the following clauses: a) Clean paint brushes.

b) Remove paint from material.

c) Sharpen a knife on a hone, grindstone, or whetstone

d) Mend a handle or pole by glueing and whipping.

e) Splice a rope.

f) Repair china.

g) Repair a wooden article with glue.

h) Mend a puncture or repair a rubber article with patch and rubber solution.

i) Mend a saucepan, or equivalent.

j) Renew a washer.

k) Renew a spring in a door handle.

l) Know the precautions to take against frost; demonstrate method of thawing pipes.

7) a) Tie a parcel or a large bundle; or rope up a case.

b) Make a useful article for the house; or upholster a small chair or stool.

c) Know how to use a hammer, screwdriver, and gimlet.


HOME PLANNING

Both parts must be taken to qualify.

Part I

1) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of living in a) a house; b) a flat; c) a bungalow.  Express her reasoned likes and dislikes.

2) Give her views on the planning of houses, flats, and bungalows with regard to the following points:

a) Number of bedrooms, living-rooms, and store-rooms; the desirability of fitted cupboards.

b) Separate living-a nd dining-rooms compared with living-room having a dining recess.

c) Separate kitchen and dining-room compared with kitchen having a dining area.

d) Kitchen overlooking living-room (for supervision of children).

3) a) Make a model or sketch showing a kitchen which would be suitable for her own family.  Give reasons for the shape chosen and for the arrangement in relation to one another of cooker, sink, draining board, working table, clothes washing area, store, larder, windows, and door.

b) List, in order of desirability, from her own family's point of view, such items of kitchen equipment as: refrigerator, washing machine, boiler, clothes dryer, food mixer, etc., and include any further items considered desirable.

Part II

Pass two of the following causes: 

1) Consider the principal defects likely to be found in an old dwelling, e.g. dry rot, settlement cracks, roof leaks, loose plaster, woodwork, etc.

2) Understand:

a) The uses, advantages, and disadvantages of various decorating materials, e.g. enamel, emulsion, and synthetic paints; washable and non-washable distempers; wall-papers; etc.

b) The importance of easily maintained finishes.

3) a) The colours of rooms have an effect on the people living or working in them.  Know something about these effects.

b) Bearing in mind the aspect of the room suggest colour schemes and decoration for kitchen, bedroom, nursery, and living-room.

c) To show the effect of the scheme chosen for one of these rooms either submit patterns of materials, colours, etc., or make a coloured sketch.

Note: Testers are to give as much credit for general overall knowledge as for specialized knowledge.

Drawings and models to scale are not required.

At least part of the test is to be taken orally.

Candidates will appreciate the importance of having professional advice when acquiring property.


HOUSECRAFT

1) Draw up a statement of detailed expenditure for a week, with an exact account of meals provided.

Note: Particulars of wages and family are to be given by the tester.

2) Give satisfactory evidence that she has a practical knowledge of housekeeping, including: the purpose and storage of different kinds of food; methods of keeping a house clean and well ventilated; care of linen and blankets; the disposal of refuse.

3) Prepare bottled fruit, pickles, jam, or equivalent.

4) Remove stains from carpets, table linen, brass, etc.

5) Be able to mend a fuse.

6) Know how to act as hostess; to include sending out invitations, laying the table, arranging flowers, receiving and entertaining guests.

1960 POR - Home Service


The holder of a certificate of a recognized Training College, or of the Advanced Housecraft Examination of the National Council for Domestic Studies, qualifies for the following certificates: Cook, Dressmaker, Finisher, Housecraft.


COOK

1) Possess a good cookery book; make a collection of recipes which she has used.

2) Be able to cook and serve all the following dishes:

Boiling: soup, meat, fish, fresh vegetables, puddings, porridge.

Steaming: vegetables, fish, suet and cake mixtures.

Stewing: meat and fruit.

Frying and Grilling: fish, meat, sausages, bacon, eggs, pancakes, fishcakes, rissoles.

Baking: pastry, scones, and plain cake mixture.

Miscellaneous: salads.

Note: One or more dishes form any of these groups are to be chosen by the tester for demonstration.  The candidate should not be told beforehand what  she is to cook, but she may use a cookery book.

3) Answer questions on the dishes just prepared, and know why different methods of cooking are used for various foods.

4) Wash up utensils, boards, etc.; know the uses of the various cleaning agents used.

5) Understand the principle of the hay box, and be able to use one.

Know the best method of storing foods, including perishable foodstuffs, in hot weather.

6) a) Have experience in home cookery.

b) Using recipes tested by herself draw up menus for three days for a family of four (father, mother,. and two children).  The menus are to be well balanced and show a good knowledge of food values.

c) Make out a shopping list with prices for two of these days, and state what foods would already be in the house.

7) Understand how to make the best use of the stock pot and of 'left-over; foods.


DRESSMAKER

1) Know how to use, clean, and oil a sewing machine.

2) Show examples of the correct methods of patching plain and patterned materials, mending blankets, and darning stockings.

3) a) Make a Ranger shirt or equivalent garment with inset sleeves.

b) Make another article of clothing.

4) Carry out some kind of household mending for one month.

5) Cut out from a paper pattern.


ELECTRICIAN

1) Know the dangers of electric shock and the methods of rescue and resuscitation.

2) Have an elementary knowledge of the three effects of an electric current (magnetic, chemical, and heating).

3) Understand the meaning of the following terms: ampere, bolt, ohm, watt, and B. of T. unit.  e able to apply Ohm's Law and calculate the cost of running electric lamps and heaters.  Read a meter.

4) Understand the working of electric irons, stoves, and bells.

5) pass one of the following clauses:

a) Rewire damaged flex to a standard or hanging lamp.

b) Wire an emergency bell.

c) Understand the use of fuse wire in a circuit; mend a fuse.

6) Test a torch bulb for broken filament with an electric battery.


FINISHER

1) Wash and finish the following:

a) A fine muslin article.

b) A lace article, e.g. an 8-in. wide collar or equivalent.

c) Table linen, e.g. a tablecloth 1 yd. square or equivalent.

d) A woolen garment.

e) A blouse or jumper made of nylon silk, or artificial silk.

2) Starch and iron a cotton blouse or other garment.

3) Know how to fold finished articles correctly.

4) Describe the routine of washing day.  Remove stains.

Note: The tester may require any of the clauses to be demonstrated.


HANDYWOMAN

1) Work a sewing machine and understand putting in a needle, cleaning, oiling, etc.

2) Know where to turn off at the main, the gas, water, and electricity supplies (if laid on in her own home); know the immediate steps to be taken fir burst pipes, gas leaks, and blown fuses.

3) Replace electric light bulbs; or renew gas mantles; or clean and trim an oil lamp.

4) Clean and repaint with at least two coats one of the following: hot-water can, table, door, window frame, or equivalent.

5) Pass one of the following clauses, if necessary with assistance:

a) Distemper a room.

b) Paper a room.

c) Clean, stain, and polish a floor.

d) Whitewash a ceiling.

6) Pass eight of the following clauses: a) Clean paint brushes.

b) Remove paint from material.

c) Sharpen a knife on a hone, grindstone, or whetstone

d) Mend a handle or pole by glueing and whipping.

e) Splice a rope.

f) Repair china.

g) Repair a wooden article with glue.

h) Mend a puncture or repair a rubber article with patch and rubber solution.

i) Mend a saucepan, or equivalent.

j) Renew a washer.

k) Renew a spring in a door handle.

l) Know the precautions to take against frost; demonstrate method of thawing pipes.

7) a) Tie a parcel or a large bundle; or rope up a case.

b) Make a useful article for the house; or upholster a small chair or stool.

c) Know how to use a hammer, screwdriver, and gimlet.


HOME PLANNING

Both parts must be taken to qualify.

Part I

1) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of living in a) a house; b) a flat; c) a bungalow.  Express her reasoned likes and dislikes.

2) Give her views on the planning of houses, flats, and bungalows with regard to the following points:

a) Number of bedrooms, living-rooms, and store-rooms; the desirability of fitted cupboards.

b) Separate living-and dining-rooms compared with living-room having a dining recess.

c) Separate kitchen and dining-room compared with kitchen having a dining area.

d) Kitchen overlooking living-room (for supervision of children).

3) a) Make a model or sketch showing a kitchen which would be suitable for her own family.  Give reasons for the shape chosen and for the arrangement in relation to one another of cooker, sink, draining board, working table, clothes washing area, store, larder, windows, and door.

b) List, in order of desirability, from her own family's point of view, such items of kitchen equipment as: refrigerator, washing machine, boiler, clothes dryer, food mixer, etc., and include any further items considered desirable.

Part II

Pass two of the following causes: 

1) Consider the principal defects likely to be found in an old dwelling, e.g. dry rot, settlement cracks, roof leaks, loose plaster, woodwork, etc.

2) Understand:

a) The uses, advantages, and disadvantages of various decorating materials, e.g. enamel, emulsion, and synthetic paints; washable and non-washable distempers; wall-papers; etc.

b) The importance of easily maintained finishes.

3) a) The colours of rooms have an effect on the people living or working in them.  Know something about these effects.

b) Bearing in mind the aspect of the room suggest colour schemes and decoration for kitchen, bedroom, nursery, and living-room.

c) To show the effect of the scheme chosen for one of these rooms either submit patterns of materials, colours, etc., or make a coloured sketch.

Note: Testers are to give as much credit for general overall knowledge as for specialized knowledge.

Drawings and models to scale are not required.

At least part of the test is to be taken orally.

Candidates will appreciate the importance of having professional advice when acquiring property.


HOUSECRAFT

1) Draw up a statement of detailed expenditure for a week, with an exact account of meals provided.

Note: Particulars of wages and family are to be given by the tester.

2) Give satisfactory evidence that she has a practical knowledge of housekeeping, including: the purpose and storage of different kinds of food; methods of keeping a house clean and well ventilated; care of linen and blankets; the disposal of refuse.

3) Prepare bottled fruit, pickles, jam, or equivalent.

4) Remove stains from carpets, table linen, brass, etc.

5) Be able to mend a fuse.

6) Know how to act as hostess; to include sending out invitations, laying the table, arranging flowers, receiving and entertaining guests.

1961 (July) POR - Home Service


The holder of a certificate of a recognized Training College, or of the Advanced Housecraft Examination of the National Council for Domestic Studies, qualifies for the following certificates: Cook, Dressmaker, Finisher, Housecraft.


COOK

1) Possess a good cookery book; make a collection of recipes which she has used.

2) Be able to cook and serve all the following dishes:

Boiling: soup, meat, fish, fresh vegetables, puddings, porridge.

Steaming: vegetables, fish, suet and cake mixtures.

Stewing: meat and fruit.

Frying and Grilling: fish, meat, sausages, bacon, eggs, pancakes, fishcakes, rissoles.

Baking: pastry, scones, and plain cake mixture.

Miscellaneous: salads.

Note: One or more dishes form any of these groups are to be chosen by the tester for demonstration.  The candidate should not be told beforehand what  she is to cook, but she may use a cookery book.

3) Answer questions on the dishes just prepared, and know why different methods of cooking are used for various foods.

4) Wash up utensils, boards, etc.; know the uses of the various cleaning agents used.

5) Understand the principle of the hay box, and be able to use one.

Know the best method of storing foods, including perishable foodstuffs, in hot weather.

6) a) Have experience in home cookery.

b) Using recipes tested by herself draw up menus for three days for a family of four (father, mother,. and two children).  The menus are to be well balanced and show a good knowledge of food values.

c) Make out a shopping list with prices for two of these days, and state what foods would already be in the house.

7) Understand how to make the best use of the stock pot and of 'left-over; foods.


DRESSMAKER

1) Know how to use, clean, and oil a sewing machine.

2) Show examples of the correct methods of patching plain and patterned materials, mending blankets, and darning stockings.

3) a) Make a Ranger shirt or equivalent garment with inset sleeves.

b) Make another article of clothing.

4) Carry out some kind of household mending for one month.

5) Cut out from a paper pattern.


ELECTRICIAN

1) Know the dangers of electric shock and the methods of rescue and resuscitation.

2) Have an elementary knowledge of the three effects of an electric current (magnetic, chemical, and heating).

3) Understand the meaning of the following terms: ampere, bolt, ohm, watt, and B. of T. unit.  e able to apply Ohm's Law and calculate the cost of running electric lamps and heaters.  Read a meter.

4) Understand the working of electric irons, stoves, and bells.

5) pass one of the following clauses:

a) Rewire damaged flex to a standard or hanging lamp.

b) Wire an emergency bell.

c) Understand the use of fuse wire in a circuit; mend a fuse.

6) Test a torch bulb for broken filament with an electric battery.


FINISHER

1) Wash and finish the following:

a) A fine muslin article.

b) A lace article, e.g. an 8-in. wide collar or equivalent.

c) Table linen, e.g. a tablecloth 1 yd. square or equivalent.

d) A woolen garment.

e) A blouse or jumper made of nylon silk, or artificial silk.

2) Starch and iron a cotton blouse or other garment.

3) Know how to fold finished articles correctly.

4) Describe the routine of washing day.  Remove stains.

Note: The tester may require any of the clauses to be demonstrated.


HANDYWOMAN

1) Work a sewing machine and understand putting in a needle, cleaning, oiling, etc.

2) Know where to turn off at the main, the gas, water, and electricity supplies (if laid on in her own home); know the immediate steps to be taken fir burst pipes, gas leaks, and blown fuses.

3) Replace electric light bulbs; or renew gas mantles; or clean and trim an oil lamp.

4) Clean and repaint with at least two coats one of the following: hot-water can, table, door, window frame, or equivalent.

5) Pass one of the following clauses, if necessary with assistance:

a) Distemper a room.

b) Paper a room.

c) Clean, stain, and polish a floor.

d) Whitewash a ceiling.

6) Pass eight of the following clauses: a) Clean paint brushes.

b) Remove paint from material.

c) Sharpen a knife on a hone, grindstone, or whetstone

d) Mend a handle or pole by glueing and whipping.

e) Splice a rope.

f) Repair china.

g) Repair a wooden article with glue.

h) Mend a puncture or repair a rubber article with patch and rubber solution.

i) Mend a saucepan, or equivalent.

j) Renew a washer.

k) Renew a spring in a door handle.

l) Know the precautions to take against frost; demonstrate method of thawing pipes.

7) a) Tie a parcel or a large bundle; or rope up a case.

b) Make a useful article for the house; or upholster a small chair or stool.

c) Know how to use a hammer, screwdriver, and gimlet.


HOME PLANNING

Both parts must be taken to qualify.

Part I

1) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of living in a) a house; b) a flat; c) a bungalow.  Express her reasoned likes and dislikes.

2) Give her views on the planning of houses, flats, and bungalows with regard to the following points:

a) Number of bedrooms, living-rooms, and store-rooms; the desirability of fitted cupboards.

b) Separate living-and dining-rooms compared with living-room having a dining recess.

c) Separate kitchen and dining-room compared with kitchen having a dining area.

d) Kitchen overlooking living-room (for supervision of children).

3) a) Make a model or sketch showing a kitchen which would be suitable for her own family.  Give reasons for the shape chosen and for the arrangement in relation to one another of cooker, sink, draining board, working table, clothes washing area, store, larder, windows, and door.

b) List, in order of desirability, from her own family's point of view, such items of kitchen equipment as: refrigerator, washing machine, boiler, clothes dryer, food mixer, etc., and include any further items considered desirable.

Part II

Pass two of the following causes: 

1) Consider the principal defects likely to be found in an old dwelling, e.g. dry rot, settlement cracks, roof leaks, loose plaster, woodwork, etc.

2) Understand:

a) The uses, advantages, and disadvantages of various decorating materials, e.g. enamel, emulsion, and synthetic paints; washable and non-washable distempers; wall-papers; etc.

b) The importance of easily maintained finishes.

3) a) The colours of rooms have an effect on the people living or working in them.  Know something about these effects.

b) Bearing in mind the aspect of the room suggest colour schemes and decoration for kitchen, bedroom, nursery, and living-room.

c) To show the effect of the scheme chosen for one of these rooms either submit patterns of materials, colours, etc., or make a coloured sketch.

Note: Testers are to give as much credit for general overall knowledge as for specialized knowledge.

Drawings and models to scale are not required.

At least part of the test is to be taken orally.

Candidates will appreciate the importance of having professional advice when acquiring property.


HOUSECRAFT

1) Draw up a statement of detailed expenditure for a week, with an exact account of meals provided.

Note: Particulars of wages and family are to be given by the tester.

2) Give satisfactory evidence that she has a practical knowledge of housekeeping, including: the purpose and storage of different kinds of food; methods of keeping a house clean and well ventilated; care of linen and blankets; the disposal of refuse.

3) Prepare bottled fruit, pickles, jam, or equivalent.

4) Remove stains from carpets, table linen, brass, etc.

5) Be able to mend a fuse.

6) Know how to act as hostess; to include sending out invitations, laying the table, arranging flowers, receiving and entertaining guests.

1961 (July) POR - Home Service


The holder of a certificate of a recognized Training College, or of the Advanced Housecraft Examination of the National Council for Domestic Studies, qualifies for the following certificates: Cook, Dressmaker, Finisher, Housecraft.


COOK

1) Possess a good cookery book; make a collection of recipes which she has used.

2) Be able to cook and serve all the following dishes:

Boiling: soup, meat, fish, fresh vegetables, puddings, porridge.

Steaming: vegetables, fish, suet and cake mixtures.

Stewing: meat and fruit.

Frying and Grilling: fish, meat, sausages, bacon, eggs, pancakes, fishcakes, rissoles.

Baking: pastry, scones, and plain cake mixture.

Miscellaneous: salads.

Note: One or more dishes form any of these groups are to be chosen by the tester for demonstration.  The candidate should not be told beforehand what  she is to cook, but she may use a cookery book.

3) Answer questions on the dishes just prepared, and know why different methods of cooking are used for various foods.

4) Wash up utensils, boards, etc.; know the uses of the various cleaning agents used.

5) Understand the principle of the hay box, and be able to use one.

Know the best method of storing foods, including perishable foodstuffs, in hot weather.

6) a) Have experience in home cookery.

b) Using recipes tested by herself draw up menus for three days for a family of four (father, mother,. and two children).  The menus are to be well balanced and show a good knowledge of food values.

c) Make out a shopping list with prices for two of these days, and state what foods would already be in the house.

7) Understand how to make the best use of the stock pot and of 'left-over; foods.


DRESSMAKER

1) Know how to use, clean, and oil a sewing machine.

2) Show examples of the correct methods of patching plain and patterned materials, mending blankets, and darning stockings.

3) a) Make a Ranger shirt or equivalent garment with inset sleeves.

b) Make another article of clothing.

4) Carry out some kind of household mending for one month.

5) Cut out from a paper pattern.


ELECTRICIAN

1) Know the dangers of electric shock and the methods of rescue and resuscitation.

2) Have an elementary knowledge of the three effects of an electric current (magnetic, chemical, and heating).

3) Understand the meaning of the following terms: ampere, bolt, ohm, watt, and B. of T. unit.  e able to apply Ohm's Law and calculate the cost of running electric lamps and heaters.  Read a meter.

4) Understand the working of electric irons, stoves, and bells.

5) pass one of the following clauses:

a) Rewire damaged flex to a standard or hanging lamp.

b) Wire an emergency bell.

c) Understand the use of fuse wire in a circuit; mend a fuse.

6) Test a torch bulb for broken filament with an electric battery.


FINISHER

1) Wash and finish the following:

a) A fine muslin article.

b) A lace article, e.g. an 8-in. wide collar or equivalent.

c) Table linen, e.g. a tablecloth 1 yd. square or equivalent.

d) A woolen garment.

e) A blouse or jumper made of nylon silk, or artificial silk.

2) Starch and iron a cotton blouse or other garment.

3) Know how to fold finished articles correctly.

4) Describe the routine of washing day.  Remove stains.

Note: The tester may require any of the clauses to be demonstrated.


HANDYWOMAN

1) Work a sewing machine and understand putting in a needle, cleaning, oiling, etc.

2) Know where to turn off at the main, the gas, water, and electricity supplies (if laid on in her own home); know the immediate steps to be taken fir burst pipes, gas leaks, and blown fuses.

3) Replace electric light bulbs; or renew gas mantles; or clean and trim an oil lamp.

4) Clean and repaint with at least two coats one of the following: hot-water can, table, door, window frame, or equivalent.

5) Pass one of the following clauses, if necessary with assistance:

a) Distemper a room.

b) Paper a room.

c) Clean, stain, and polish a floor.

d) Whitewash a ceiling.

6) Pass eight of the following clauses: a) Clean paint brushes.

b) Remove paint from material.

c) Sharpen a knife on a hone, grindstone, or whetstone

d) Mend a handle or pole by glueing and whipping.

e) Splice a rope.

f) Repair china.

g) Repair a wooden article with glue.

h) Mend a puncture or repair a rubber article with patch and rubber solution.

i) Mend a saucepan, or equivalent.

j) Renew a washer.

k) Renew a spring in a door handle.

l) Know the precautions to take against frost; demonstrate method of thawing pipes.

7) a) Tie a parcel or a large bundle; or rope up a case.

b) Make a useful article for the house; or upholster a small chair or stool.

c) Know how to use a hammer, screwdriver, and gimlet.


HOME PLANNING

Both parts must be taken to qualify.

Part I

1) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of living in a) a house; b) a flat; c) a bungalow.  Express her reasoned likes and dislikes.

2) Give her views on the planning of houses, flats, and bungalows with regard to the following points:

a) Number of bedrooms, living-rooms, and store-rooms; the desirability of fitted cupboards.

b) Separate living-and dining-rooms compared with living-room having a dining recess.

c) Separate kitchen and dining-room compared with kitchen having a dining area.

d) Kitchen overlooking living-room (for supervision of children).

3) a) Make a model or sketch showing a kitchen which would be suitable for her own family.  Give reasons for the shape chosen and for the arrangement in relation to one another of cooker, sink, draining board, working table, clothes washing area, store, larder, windows, and door.

b) List, in order of desirability, from her own family's point of view, such items of kitchen equipment as: refrigerator, washing machine, boiler, clothes dryer, food mixer, etc., and include any further items considered desirable.

Part II

Pass two of the following causes: 

1) Consider the principal defects likely to be found in an old dwelling, e.g. dry rot, settlement cracks, roof leaks, loose plaster, woodwork, etc.

2) Understand:

a) The uses, advantages, and disadvantages of various decorating materials, e.g. enamel, emulsion, and synthetic paints; washable and non-washable distempers; wall-papers; etc.

b) The importance of easily maintained finishes.

3) a) The colours of rooms have an effect on the people living or working in them.  Know something about these effects.

b) Bearing in mind the aspect of the room suggest colour schemes and decoration for kitchen, bedroom, nursery, and living-room.

c) To show the effect of the scheme chosen for one of these rooms either submit patterns of materials, colours, etc., or make a coloured sketch.

Note: Testers are to give as much credit for general overall knowledge as for specialized knowledge.

Drawings and models to scale are not required.

At least part of the test is to be taken orally.

Candidates will appreciate the importance of having professional advice when acquiring property.


HOUSECRAFT

1) Draw up a statement of detailed expenditure for a week, with an exact account of meals provided.

Note: Particulars of wages and family are to be given by the tester.

2) Give satisfactory evidence that she has a practical knowledge of housekeeping, including: the purpose and storage of different kinds of food; methods of keeping a house clean and well ventilated; care of linen and blankets; the disposal of refuse.

3) Prepare bottled fruit, pickles, jam, or equivalent.

4) Remove stains from carpets, table linen, brass, etc.

5) Be able to mend a fuse.

6) Know how to act as hostess; to include sending out invitations, laying the table, arranging flowers, receiving and entertaining guests.

1965 (July) POR - Home Service


The holder of a certificate of a recognized Training College, or of the Advanced Housecraft Examination of the National Council for Domestic Studies, qualifies for the following certificates: Cook, Dressmaker, Finisher, Housecraft.


COOK

1) Possess a good cookery book; make a collection of recipes which she has used.

2) Be able to cook and serve all the following dishes:

Boiling: soup, meat, fish, fresh vegetables, puddings, porridge.

Steaming: vegetables, fish, suet and cake mixtures.

Stewing: meat and fish.

Frying and Grilling: fish, meat, sausages, bacon, eggs, pancakes, fishcakes, rissoles.

Baking: pastry, scones, and plain cake mixture.

Miscellaneous: salads.

Note: One or more dishes form any of these groups are to be chosen by the tester for demonstration.  The candidate should not be told beforehand what  she is to cook, but she may use a cookery book.

3) Answer questions on the dishes just prepared, and know why different methods of cooking are used for various foods.

4) Wash up utensils, boards, etc.; know the uses of the various cleaning agents used.

5) Understand the principle of the hay box, and be able to use one.

Know the best method of storing foods, including perishable foodstuffs, in hot weather.

6) a) Have experience in home cookery.

b) Using recipes tested by herself draw up menus for three days for a family of four (father, mother, and two children).  The menus are to be well balanced and show a good knowledge of food values.

c) Make out a shopping list with prices for two of these days, and state what foods would already be in the house.

7) Understand how to make the best use of the stock pot and of 'left-over' foods.


DRESSMAKER

1) Know how to use, clean, and oil a sewing machine.

2) Show examples of the correct methods of patching plain and patterned materials, mending blankets, and darning stockings.

3) a) Make a Ranger shirt or equivalent garment with inset sleeves.

b) Make another article of clothing.

4) Carry out some kind of household mending for one month.

5) Cut out from a paper pattern.


ELECTRICIAN

1) Know the dangers of electric shock and the methods of rescue and resuscitation.

2) Have an elementary knowledge of the three effects of an electric current (magnetic, chemical, and heating).

3) Understand the meaning of the following terms: ampere, volt, ohm, watt, and B. of T. unit.  Be able to apply Ohm's Law and calculate the cost of running electric lamps and heaters.  Read a meter.

4) Understand the working of electric irons, stoves, and bells.

5) Pass one of the following clauses:

a) Rewire damaged flex to a standard or hanging lamp.

b) Wire an emergency bell.

c) Understand the use of fuse wire in a circuit; mend a fuse.

6) Test a torch bulb for broken filament with an electric battery.


FINISHER

1) Wash and finish the following:

a) A fine muslin article.

b) A lace article, e.g. an 8-in. wide collar or equivalent.

c) Table linen, e.g. a tablecloth 1 yd. square or equivalent.

d) A woollen garment.

e) A blouse or jumper made of nylon, silk, or artificial silk.

2) Starch and iron a cotton blouse or other garment.

3) Know how to fold finished articles correctly.

4) Describe the routine of washing day.  Remove stains.

Note: The tester may require any of the clauses to be demonstrated.


HANDYWOMAN

1) Work a sewing machine and understand putting in a needle, cleaning, oiling, etc.

2) Know where to turn off at the main, the gas, water, and electricity supplies (if laid on in her own home); know the immediate steps to be taken for burst pipes, gas leaks, and blown fuses.

3) Replace electric light bulbs; or renew gas mantles; or clean and trim an oil lamp.

4) Clean and repaint with at least two coats one of the following: hot-water can, table, door, window frame, or equivalent.

5) Pass one of the following clauses, if necessary with assistance:

a) Distemper a room.

b) Paper a room.

c) Clean, stain, and polish a floor.

d) Whitewash a ceiling.

6) Pass eight of the following clauses: 

a) Clean paint brushes.

b) Remove paint from material.

c) Sharpen a knife on a hone, grindstone, or whetstone

d) Mend a handle or pole by glueing and whipping.

e) Splice a rope.

f) Repair china.

g) Repair a wooden article with glue.

h) Mend a puncture or repair a rubber article with patch and rubber solution.

i) Mend a saucepan, or equivalent.

j) Renew a washer.

k) Renew a spring in a door handle.

l) Know the precautions to take against frost; demonstrate method of thawing pipes.

7) a) Tie a parcel or a large bundle; or rope up a case.

b) Make a useful article for the house; or upholster a small chair or stool.

c) Know how to use a hammer, screwdriver, and gimlet.


HOME PLANNING

Both parts must be taken to qualify.

Part I

1) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of living in a) a house; b) a flat; c) a bungalow.  Express her reasoned likes and dislikes.

2) Give her views on the planning of houses, flats, and bungalows with regard to the following points:

a) Number of bedrooms, living-rooms, and store-rooms; the desirability of fitted cupboards.

b) Separate living-and dining-rooms compared with living-room having a dining recess.

c) Separate kitchen and dining-room compared with kitchen having a dining area.

d) Kitchen overlooking living-room (for supervision of children).

3) a) Make a model or sketch showing a kitchen which would be suitable for her own family.  Give reasons for the shape chosen and for the arrangement in relation to one another of cooker, sink, draining board, working table, clothes washing area, store, larder, windows, and door.

b) List, in order of desirability, from her own family's point of view, such items of kitchen equipment as: refrigerator, washing machine, boiler, clothes dryer, food mixer, etc., and include any further items considered desirable.

Part II

Pass two of the following clauses: 

1) Consider the principal defects likely to be found in an old dwelling, e.g. dry rot, settlement cracks, roof leaks, loose plaster, woodwork, etc.

2) Understand:

a) The uses, advantages, and disadvantages of various decorating materials, e.g. enamel, emulsion, and synthetic paints; washable and non-washable distempers; wall-papers; etc.

b) The importance of easily maintained finishes.

3) a) The colours of rooms have an effect on the people living or working in them.  Know something about these effects.

b) Bearing in mind the aspect of the room suggest colour schemes and decoration for kitchen, bedroom, nursery, and living-room.

c) To show the effect of the scheme chosen for one of these rooms either submit patterns of materials, colours, etc., or make a coloured sketch.

Note: Testers are to give as much credit for general overall knowledge as for specialized knowledge.

Drawings and models to scale are not required.

At least part of the test is to be taken orally.

Candidates should appreciate the importance of having professional advice when acquiring property.


HOUSECRAFT

1) Draw up a statement of detailed expenditure for a week, with an exact account of meals provided.

Note: Particulars of wages and family are to be given by the tester.

2) Give satisfactory evidence that she has a practical knowledge of housekeeping, including: the purpose and storage of different kinds of food; methods of keeping a house clean and well ventilated; care of linen and blankets; the disposal of refuse.

3) Prepare bottled fruit, pickles, jam, or equivalent.

4) Remove stains from carpets, table linen, brass, etc.

5) Be able to mend a fuse.

6) Know how to act as hostess; to include sending out invitations, laying the table, arranging flowers, receiving and entertaining guests.

qEd8BCZTanFwCI9l4H5JcSbVznpxWJNhb01x7WyFIcU