April 1940 - "The Guider" - Home Emergency Service
"This will be open to all Rangers of 18 years and upwards who are ready to sacrifice time and energy to fit themselves for special work, and who are not at present fully occupied with other forms of service. Those qualifying for inclusion in the H.E.S. will have their names entered in a register, and they will be issued with an armlet which can be worn in uniform, for the duration of the war, and which will show at a glance what their special qualifications are.
The general qualifications required for the H.E.S. are as follows:-
1) Discipline. This must be of a very high standard, and include thorough reliability, punctuality, smartness of appearance, and instant response to orders.
2) Fitness. Unless ill, every member of the H.E.S. will be required to take half-an-hour outdoor exercise every day. She must also try to raise her own standard of fitness by studying the Rules of Health, and tackling the application of them where they touch on her own weak points.
3) Message-Corps Work. To help in maintaining quick and accurate communications at all times members of the H.E.S. must be able to:-
a) Memorise a message and carry it for a mile at Scout's pace.
b) Give and receive messages accurately over the phone (This may be omitted only if there are no phones in the neighbourhood.)
c) Write down verbal instructions briefly, clearly and accurately.
d) Answer letters promptly, clearly and sensibly.
e) Master some form of signalling thoroughly.
f) Find the way by day or night, using map and compass.
4) In addition to the above general qualifications each H.E.S. member must train on one of the following three lines of special service:-
1) Home Service. To include Home nursing, Household repairs, War-time cooking and catering; Mending; First aid.
2) Child Welfare. To include knowledge of children's ailments; Making and mending of children's clothes; War-time feeding of children; How to conduct occupations such as games, songs, dances, etc., suitable for children of different ages.
3) Land Work. To include thorough understanding and practice of any form of food production, such as gardening, poultry keeping or farm work.